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What is Autism

What Is Autism

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  • Posted On : 10-Apr-2019
Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States today. We know that there is not one autism but many subtypes, most influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Because autism is a spectrum disorder, each person with autism has a distinct set of strengths and challenges. The ways in which people with autism learn, think and problem-solve can range from highly skilled to severely challenged. Some people with ASD may require significant support in their daily lives, while others may need less support and, in some cases, live entirely independently. Several factors may influence the development of autism, and it is often accompanied by sensory sensitivities and medical issues such as gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures or sleep disorders, as well as mental health challenges such as anxiety, depression and attention issues. Indicators of autism usually appear by age 2 or 3. Some associated development delays can appear even earlier, and often, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Research shows that early intervention leads to positive outcomes later in life for people with autism. * In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association merged four distinct autism diagnoses into one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). They included autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. 

JAMAICA

Anxiety and Depression: a silent killer

Anxiety And Depression: A Silent Killer

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  • Posted On : 29-Mar-2019
Most people experience nervousness, a sense of worry, and sadness. Anxiety can be part of our normal life style and can happen at any given time of the day or life time to any one of us or family members. Anxiety can be referred as physical, mental, and behavioral changes in respond to threat. Also refer as "fight or flight". Anxiety disorder is different from every day anxiety to the point that interferes with a person's life. In the other hand, depression is a mood disorder that may be felt as an ongoing sadness. Symptoms of anxiety may include: a sense of worry, an overwhelming feeling of panic, and difficulty concentrating. Symptoms of depression may include: sleep disturbances, changes in appetite, anhedonia (loss of interest in activities such as work, sport, and sex), fatigue, and agitation. Some things that may allow you to help someone with anxiety or depression include: Talking about their experiences, indicating that you have notice a change in their behavior, highlight the option of seeing a health professional, recommend or assist them to make the appointment, go with them to see the doctor, talk openly about their feelings, encourage them to rest, encourage them to to face their fear with the help of their doctor or psychologist, and contact their doctor if they become a threat for themselves or others. Things that ARE NOT very helpful: don't pressure them to just relax or calm down, don't stay away, don't assume that you can make them feel less anxious on your own, don't help them avoid situations that make them feel anxious, and don't assume the problem will just go away.

JAMAICA

Be wise in picking ackees to eat

Be Wise In Picking Ackees To Eat

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  • Posted On : 05-Mar-2019
Be wise when purchasing ackees When ripe, the fruit splits open to reveal three glossy black seeds or one large one surrounded by a thick, oily, yellow aril or flesh. The poison in ackee seeds and under-ripe arils causes vomiting followed by convulsions. The side effects can result in a coma and death. The PAHO states that the amino acids hypoglycin A and B cause the fruit to be toxic. The hypoglycin content diminishes after sunlight reaches the mature arils. Both hypoglycin A and hypoglycin B are found in the seeds and the pinkish membrane at the base of the seed. The membrane, along with the seeds, is removed before preparing for cooking. The toxin is found in unripe fruits that are harvested too early, and can have serious consequences for consumers as these are always poisonous. The fruit should be allowed to ripen and open naturally. Many Jamaican children, in their innocence, have a tendency to eat unripened ackees because they are temptingly pretty to look at. Also, force-ripened ackees can sometimes be found in the markets, hence “Jamaican vomiting sickness'” is still relevant today. Consumers, therefore, need to be vigilant when they buy ackees that are in the pod. Look out for signs of forced opening. The Hypoglycin content diminishes after sunlight reaches the mature inner flesh of the ackee. If the ackee is harvested at the right time the toxin level dissipates, making it safe for consumption. Potential risky behaviours for ackee poisoning include consumption of unripe ackee fruit, consumption of ackee that has been forcibly opened, and reuse of the water in which the unripe ackees have been cooked.

JAMAICA

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