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Smart phones and tablets causing mental health issues in children

Smart Phones And Tablets Causing Mental Health Issues In Children

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  • Posted On : 20-Jul-2019
Smartphones, tablets causing mental health issues in kids as young as two . Children as young as two are developing mental health problems because of smartphones and tablets, scientists warn. Just an hour a day staring at a screen can be enough to make children more likely to be anxious or depressed. This could be making them less curious, less able to finish tasks, less emotionally stable and lowering their self-control, the DailyMail reports. Limiting your kids' screentime could do their mental health a world of good. Photo / 123RF Although teenagers are most at risk from the damaging devices, children under the age of 10 and toddlers' still-developing brains are also being affected. "Half of mental health problems develop by adolescence," professors Jean Twenge and Keith Campbell said. "There is a need to identify factors linked to mental health issues that are [able to be changed] in this population, as most are difficult or impossible to influence. How children and adolescents spend their leisure time is [easier] to change." Parents and teachers must cut the amount of time children spend online or watching television while they're studying, socialising, eating or even playing sport. Professor Twenge said her study, one of the biggest of its kind, backs the American Academy of Pediatrics' established screen time limit – one hour per day for children aged two to five. It also suggests a similar limit – perhaps two hours – should be applied to school-aged children and adolescents, she added. The researchers analysed data provided by the parents of more than 40,000 US children aged two to 17 for a nationwide health survey in 2016. The questionnaire asked about the youngsters' medical care, any emotional, developmental or behavioural issues and their daily screen time. Adolescents spending more than seven hours a day on screens are twice as likely to have been diagnosed with anxiety or depression as those who spent an hour. Links between screen time and wellbeing are stronger among adolescents than young children, the study found. Professor Twenge said: "At first, I was surprised the associations were larger for adolescents. However, teens spend more time on their phones and on social media, and we know from other research that these activities are more strongly linked to low wellbeing than watching television and videos, which is most of younger children's screen time." Even moderate use of four hours is also associated with lower psychological well-being than one hour a day. Pre-schoolers, or under fives, who are high users are twice as likely to often lose their temper – and are 46 per cent more prone to not be able to calm down when excited. Among 14 to 17 year olds, more than four in ten (42.2 per cent) of those in the study who spent more than seven hours a day on screens did not finish their task.

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Eating healthy for greater skin and nails

Eating Healthy For Greater Skin And Nails

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  • Posted On : 04-Jul-2019
.Avoid refined sugars, flour and large portions of high glycemic index foods, excessive calories (especially from sugary foods), careless use of sauces and dressings; 2. Minimise your alcohol intake; 3. Test dairy and the quality of your dairy to see how it affects your skin; 4. Learn to eat controlled, healthy portions; 5. Eat natural, wholesome foods; 6. Have a diet with proper fibre content; 7. Chose foods which are nutritionally dense, filled with healthy, healing micronutrients; 8. Eat foods with healthy proteins and oils; 9. Have little to no processed meats; 10. Increase your anti-oxidant intake to protect your cells; 11. Hydrate, wear sunscreen and forget cleanses. Seriously, just eat healthily, your body will do the rest. Essentially for naturally beautiful, clean skin and luxurious hair, your clean, natural diet should be rich in vitamins B1, B5, B6, A, C, E, iron, selenium, zinc, folic acid, omega-3s, probiotics (healthy good gut bacteria means healthy protective good skin bacteria), low glycemic foods, and antioxidants. Examples of these foods include: Beans, nuts, legumes and seeds (low glycemic and minerals); avocados (healthy oils), watch your portions; green tea (antioxidants); wild caught salmon (clean lean protein with healthy oils); broccoli (and green leafy vegetables) and cauliflower (packed with fibre, micronutrients and antioxidants for youthful, glowing skin); berries and fruits (packed with antioxidants); curry/turmeric (anti-inflammatory); carrots, pumpkin, sweet potato; Greek yogurt (probiotic). Eat regular, balanced, controlled meals, the more dietary colours the better. Consciously get proper sleep. If you are unsure, start a programme, such as Intekai, with guidance and available support — don't leave your future to chance

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Know what you are jumping into this summer

Know What You Are Jumping Into This Summer

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  • Posted On : 04-Jul-2019
If you are about to enter a pool, do a quick spot check first before you put your foot into the water. • Water in the pool should not be cloudy. • Tiles should not be slippery, and you should hear filtration machines humming in the background. • Don't ever swallow pool water. Children sometimes jokingly spit pool water back into the pool or at their friends but this is dangerous, as some of it may be swallowed. • Shower with soap and water before and after swimming. • Wash your hands with soap and water after using a toilet or changing diapers. • Remove small children from pools for bathroom breaks and check diapers often. • Wash children, especially their rear ends, thoroughly with soap and water before they enter a pool. • Don't swim when you have diarrhoea. Diarrhoea can be transmitted in pool water weeks after symptoms cease. Hotels and guest houses have perhaps the largest number of pools, used by people from different countries and cultures, with varying degrees of personal hygiene. Resorts and properties and those in the hospitality industry should invest in technical assistance to ensure that health risks in this area are kept at bay. Pool disinfectants can kill most germs in less than an hour, but for others it can take longer. Cryptosporidium, for instance, can survive for up to 10 days in a properly chlorinated pool, and other pathogens are completely resistant to chlorine. In addition, the unique circulation patterns found in pools may allow poor water circulation in some areas, making it unlikely that all pathogen activity can be fully prevented. The unfortunate truth is that chlorinated swimming pools can and do transmit disease. At Technological Solutions Limited, we are mindful of the effect which frequent incidences of intestinal disease attacks can have on a property's reputation. The laboratory arm of the company offers resort properties comprehensive technical assistance to ensure the integrity of their water systems — be it swimming pools, cooling systems or other types of environment where germs may have an opportunity to invade water supply.

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Measles

Measles

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  • Posted On : 04-Jul-2019
Causes Measles is a highly contagious illness caused by a virus that replicates in the nose and throat of an infected child or adult. Then, when someone with measles coughs, sneezes or talks, infected droplets spray into the air, where other people can inhale them. The infected droplets may also land on a surface, where they remain active and contagious for several hours. You can contract the virus by putting your fingers in your mouth or nose or rubbing your eyes after touching the infected surface. About 90 per cent of susceptible people who are exposed to someone with the virus will be infected. Risk factors Risk factors for measles include: • Being unvaccinated — if you haven't received the vaccine for measles, you're much more likely to develop the disease. • Travelling internationally — if you travel to developing countries, where measles is more common, you're at higher risk of catching the disease. • Having a vitamin A deficiency — if you don't have enough vitamin A in your diet, you're more likely to have more-severe symptoms and complications. Complications Complications of measles may include: • Ear infection — one of the most common complications of measles is a bacterial ear infection. • Bronchitis, laryngitis or croup — measles may lead to inflammation of your voice box (larynx) or inflammation of the inner walls that line the main air passageways of your lungs (bronchial tubes). • Pneumonia —pneumonia is a common complication of measles. People with compromised immune systems can develop an especially dangerous variety of pneumonia that is sometimes fatal. • Encephalitis — about one in 1,000 people with measles develops a complication called encephalitis. Encephalitis may occur right after measles, or it might not occur until months later. • Pregnancy problems — if you're pregnant, you need to take special care to avoid measles because the disease can cause pre-term labour, low birthweight and maternal death. Prevention The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that children and adults receive the measles vaccine to prevent measles.

JAMAICA

What is Autism

What Is Autism

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  • Posted On : 10-Apr-2019
Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States today. We know that there is not one autism but many subtypes, most influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Because autism is a spectrum disorder, each person with autism has a distinct set of strengths and challenges. The ways in which people with autism learn, think and problem-solve can range from highly skilled to severely challenged. Some people with ASD may require significant support in their daily lives, while others may need less support and, in some cases, live entirely independently. Several factors may influence the development of autism, and it is often accompanied by sensory sensitivities and medical issues such as gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures or sleep disorders, as well as mental health challenges such as anxiety, depression and attention issues. Indicators of autism usually appear by age 2 or 3. Some associated development delays can appear even earlier, and often, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Research shows that early intervention leads to positive outcomes later in life for people with autism. * In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association merged four distinct autism diagnoses into one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). They included autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. 

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Anxiety and Depression: a silent killer

Anxiety And Depression: A Silent Killer

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  • Posted On : 29-Mar-2019
Most people experience nervousness, a sense of worry, and sadness. Anxiety can be part of our normal life style and can happen at any given time of the day or life time to any one of us or family members. Anxiety can be referred as physical, mental, and behavioral changes in respond to threat. Also refer as "fight or flight". Anxiety disorder is different from every day anxiety to the point that interferes with a person's life. In the other hand, depression is a mood disorder that may be felt as an ongoing sadness. Symptoms of anxiety may include: a sense of worry, an overwhelming feeling of panic, and difficulty concentrating. Symptoms of depression may include: sleep disturbances, changes in appetite, anhedonia (loss of interest in activities such as work, sport, and sex), fatigue, and agitation. Some things that may allow you to help someone with anxiety or depression include: Talking about their experiences, indicating that you have notice a change in their behavior, highlight the option of seeing a health professional, recommend or assist them to make the appointment, go with them to see the doctor, talk openly about their feelings, encourage them to rest, encourage them to to face their fear with the help of their doctor or psychologist, and contact their doctor if they become a threat for themselves or others. Things that ARE NOT very helpful: don't pressure them to just relax or calm down, don't stay away, don't assume that you can make them feel less anxious on your own, don't help them avoid situations that make them feel anxious, and don't assume the problem will just go away.

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